For service to the community through educational, sporting, social welfare and cultural organisations. For service to the communities of Wangaratta and the Gippsland region, through adult education. For service to the community of Port Macquarie, particularly preserving and restoring St Thomas's Church. For service to multiculturalism through promoting cohesion between diverse cultural groups in the Logan City, and to the Cambodian community. For service to international and human rights law through professional and supporting roles in academia, legal organisations, and government and non-government organisations in Australia and overseas. For service to youth through philanthropic support for Scouts. For service to the wine industry as an oenologist, judge and promoter of the role of women, and to business development and tourism.